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References


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      Anisha, G.S. and P. Prema, 2006. Selection of optimal growth medium for the synthesis of a-galactosidase from mangrove actinomycetes. Indian Journal of Biotechnology, 5: 373-379.
       
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      Anjaneyulu, A.S.R., V. Anjaneyulu and V. Lakshmana Rao, 2000. Rhizophorin B. A novel beyerane diterpenoid from the Indian mangrove plant Rhizophora mucronata . Indian J. Chem., 39B: 803-807.
       
      Anouk Verheyden, Farid Dahdouch - guebas, Katrien Thomaes, William De Genst, sanath Hettiarachchi and Nico Koedam, 2002. High - Resolution Vegetation Data for Mangrove Research as Obtained from Aerial Photography. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 4: 113 - 133.
       
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      Arnil Emata, 2003. Aquaculture of the mangrove red snapper. SEAFDEC Asian Aquaculture, 25(3).
       
      Arvind G. Raddi, 2002. Mangrove afforestation - a point of view. In: Goldin Quadros (ed.), Proceedings of the National Seminar on Creeks, Estuaries and Mangroves, Pollution and Conservation. Zoology Department, Thane, 34-36.
       
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Ashok Verma, Naresh Chaturvedi, S. Balachandran and Issac Kehimkar, 2002. Avian diversity in and around mangroves of Mahul creek, Mumbai, India. In: Goldin Quadros (ed.), Proceedings of the National Seminar on Creeks, Estuaries and Mangroves, Pollution and Conservation. Zoology Department, Thane, 266-275.
       
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      Borkar, M.U., R.P. Athale and Goldin Quadros, 2006. Occurrence of heavy metals in abiotic and biotic components of the Mangrove ecosystem of Thane creek. Ecology, Environment and Conservation, 12(4): 723-728.
       
      Bouillon, S., N. Koedam, W. Baeyens, B. Satranarayana and F. Dehairs, 2004. Selectivity of subtidal benthic invertebrate communities for local microalgal production in an estuarine mangrove ecosystem during the post-monsoon period. Jour. of Sea Research , 51: 133-144.
       
      Bouillon, S., P. Chandra Mohan, N. Sreenivas and F. Dehairs, 2000. Sources of suspended organic matter and selective feeding by zooplankton in an estuarine mangrove ecosystem as traced by stable isotopes. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 208: 79 - 92.
       
      Britta Gribsholt and Erik Kristensen, 2002. Effects of bioturbation and plant roots on salt marsh biogeochemistry: a mesocosm study. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 241: 71 - 87.
       
      Britta Gribsholt and Erik Kristensen, 2002. Impact of sampling methods on sulfate reduction rates and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations in vegetated salt marsh sediments. Wetlands Ecology and Management 10: 371 - 379.
       
      Britta Gribsholt, Joel E. Kostka, Erik Kristensen, 2003. Impact of fiddler crabs and plant roots on sediment biogeochemistry in a Georgia saltmarsh. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 259: 237 - 251.
       
      Carl T. Friedrichs and James E. Perry, 2001. Tidal Salt Marsh Morphodynamics: A Synthesis. Journal of Coastal Research, 27: 7 - 37.
       
      Chandrasekaran, M., V. Venkatesalu, M. Anantharaj, S. Rajendran and K. Prabhakar, 2004. Studies on the antibacterial activity of a mangrove, Aegiceras corniculatum . Journal of the Annamalai University, Science, pp. 169 - 174.
       
      Chandrasekaran, M., V. Venkatesalu, S. Sivasankari, K. Kannathasan, A.K. Sajitkhan, K. Prabhakar, S. Rajendran and Y. Lakshmi Sarayu, 2006. Antibacterial activity of certain mangroves against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus . Seaweed Res. Utiln., 28(1): 165-170.
       
      Chandrasekaran, V.S., 2000. Relationship between plankton and finfish and shellfish juveniles in Pichavaram mangrove waterways, south east coast of India. Seaweed Res. Utiln., 22(1&2): 199-207.
       
      Chinnadurai, G. and O.J. Fernando, 2003. Meiofauna of Pichavaram mangroves along southeast coast of India. J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 45(2): 158-165.
       
      Chinnadurai, G. and O.J. Fernando, 2007. Impact of mangrove leaves on meiofaunal density : an experimental approach. The ICFAI Journal of Life Sciences, 1(1): 62-70.
       
      Chinnadurai, G. and Olivia J. Fernando, 2006. Meiobenthos of Cochin mangroves (southwest coast of India) with emphasis on free-living marine nematode assemblages. Russian Journal of Nematology, 14(2): 127-137.
       
      Chinnadurai, G. and Olivia J. Fernando, 2006. New records of free-living marine nematodes from India. Rec. zool. Surv. India, 106(Part 4): 45-54.
       
      Christoph D. Schubart and Peter K.L. Ng, 2002. The sesarmid genus Neosarmatium (Decapoda: Brachyura): new distribution records and a new species from Sulawesi. Crustacean Research. (31): 28 - 38.
       
      Cocheret de la Moriniere, E., B.J.A. Pollux, I. Nagelkerken and G. van der Velde, 2002. Post - settlement Life Cycle Migration Patterns and Habitat Preference of Coral Reef Fish that use Seagrass and Mangrove Habitats as Nurseries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 55: 309 - 321.
       
      Cocheret de la Moriniere, E., B.J.A. Pollux, I. Nagelkerken, M.A. Hemminga, A.H.L. Huiskes and G. Van der Velde, 2003. Ontogenetic dietary changes of coral reef fishes in the mangrove - seagrass - reef continuum: stable isotopes and gut - content analysis. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 246: 279 - 289.
       
      Colin J. Limpus and Duncan J. Limpus, 2000. Mangroves in the diet of Chelonia mydas in Queensland, Australia. Marine Turtle Newsletter No.89, 13-15.
       
      Contzen Pereira, C.V. Rao and S. Krishnan, 2002. Study of the dominant fauna of mangroves at seven bungalows beach, Versova, Mumbai - a preliminary study. In: Goldin Quadros (ed.), Proceedings of the National Seminar on Creeks, Estuaries and Mangroves, Pollution and Conservation. Zoology Department, Thane, 196-200.
       
      Daniel M. Alongi and Paul Dixon, 2000. Mangrove primary production and Above - And Below - Ground Biomass in Sawi Bay, Southern Thailand. Phuket marine biological Center Special Publication, 22: 31 - 38.
       
      Daniel M. Alongi, 2002. Present state and future of the world's mangrove forests. Environmental Conservation, 29(3): 331 - 349.
       
      Daniel M. Alongi, Barry F. Clough, Paul Dixon and Frank Tirendi, 2003. Nutrient partitioning and storage in arid - zone forests of the mangroves Rhizophora stylosa and Avicennia marina . Trees, 17: 51 - 60.
       
      Daniel M. Alongi, Gullaya Wattayakorn, Tenshi Ayukai, Barry F. Clouth, Eric Wolanski and Gregg K. Brunskill, 2000. An organic Carbon budget for mangrove fringed sawi Bay, Southern Thailand. Phuket Marine Biological Centre Special Publication, 22: 79 - 86.
       
      Danielson, F., M.K. Serensen, M.F. Olwig, V. Selvam, F. Parish, N.D. Burgess, T.Hiraishi, V.M. Karunagaran, M.S. Rasmussen, L.B. Hansen, A.Quarto and N. Suryadiputra, 2005. The Asian Tsunami : a protective role for coastal vegetation. Science, 310: 643.
       
      Daryl R. Karns, Harold K. voris and Thomas G. Goodwin, 2001. Ecology of oriental-Australian Rear - Fanged water snakes (Colubridae: Homalopsinae) in the pasir ris park mangrove forest, Singapore. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 50(2): 487 - 498.
       
      Das, A.B., A. Parida, U.C. Basak and P. Das, 2002. Studies on pigments, proteins and photosynthetic rates in some mangroves and mangrove associates from Bhitarkanika, Orissa. Marine Biology, 141: 415 - 422.
       
      David Mckinnon, A., 2000. Two new species of Oithona (Copepoda: Cyclopoida) from mangrove waters of North Queensland, Australia. Plankton Biology and Ecology, 47(2): 100 - 113.
       
      David Paul Gillikin and Christoph D. Schubart, 2004. Ecology and systematics of mangrove crabs of the genus Perisesarma (Crustacea: Brachyura: Sesarmidae) from East Africa. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 141: 435 - 445.
       
      Deepak Apte, 2004. Molluscan fauna of Point Calimere wildlife sanctuary. Part 1: Gastropoda. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 101(2): 201 - 210.
       
      Dehairs, F., R.G. Rao, P. Chandra Mohan, A.V. Raman, S. Marguillier and L. Hellings, 2000. Tracing mangrove carbon in suspended matter and aquatic fauna of the Gautami - Godavari Delta, Bay of Bengal (India). Hydrobiologia, 431: 225 - 241.
       
      Delgado, P., P. F. Hensel, J. A. Jimenez and J. W. Day, 2001. The importance of propagule establishment and physical factors in mangrove distributional patterns in a Costa Rican estuay. Aquatic Botany, 71: 157 - 178.
       
      Desai, R.S., N.K. Krishnamurthy, S. Mavinkurve and S. Bhosle, 2004. Alkaliphiles in estuarine mangrove regions of God, (central west coast of India). Indian J. Mar. Sci., 33(2): 177-180.
       
      Dhiren M. Pania, 2002. Restoration of mangroves at Jamnagar. In: Goldin Quadros (ed.), Proceedings of the National Seminar on Creeks, Estuaries and Mangroves, Pollution and Conservation. Zoology Department, Thane, 223-225.
       
      Dileswar Nayak, 2003. Biodiversity of Bhitarkanika mangrove forest. Tigerpaper, 30(4): 29 - 32.
       
      Diop A. , J.F. Molez, L. Konate, D. Fontenille, O. Gaye, M. Diouf, M . Diagne and  O.Faye, 2002. Role D'Anopheles melas Theobald (1903) Dans La Transmission Du Paludisme Dans La Mangrove Du Saloum (Senegal). Parasite, 9: 239 - 246.
       
      Dipankar Saha, Sudhir Kumar and Prabhakant Pathak, 2001. Mangrove agroforestry technology  for coastal Ecoresilience. Everyman's Science, 36(2): 81-86.
       
      Dipti Mukherji, 2002. Degradation of creeks and mangroves and its impact on Urban environment - A case study of Mumbai. In: Goldin Quadros (ed.), Proceedings of the National Seminar on Creeks, Estuaries and Mangroves, Pollution and Conservation. Zoology Department, Thane, 331-333.
       
      Dittmar, T. and R.J. Lara, 2001. Driving forces behind nutrient and organic matter dynamics in a mangrove tidal creek in North Brazil. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science , 52 : 249-259.
       
      Dittmar, T., and R.J. Lara, 2001. Driving Forces Behind Nutrient and Organic Matter Dynamics in a Mangrove Tidal Creek in North Brazil. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 52: 249 - 259.
       
      Dolanchampa Ghosh (Sarkar), Kumudranjan Naskar and G.N. Chattopadhyay, 2002. Nature and properties of mangrove soils of Sundarbans, India. In: Goldin Quadros (ed.), Proceedings of the National Seminar on Creeks, Estuaries and Mangroves, Pollution and Conservation. Zoology Department, Thane, 63-65.
       
      Eganathan, P., 2001. Mangroves as classroom genetic tools. Curr. Sci., 81(12) : 1512-1513.
       
      Enamul Hoq, 2000. Threat to shrimp fry resources of Sundarbans. Tigerpaper, 27(4): 8 - 10.
       
      Enamul Hoq, M., 2000. Fisheries in the Sundarbans mangrove ecosystems of Bangladesh. Aquaculture Asia, 16-20.
       
      Enamul Hoq, M., M.N. Islam, M. Kamal and M.A. Wahab, 2003. Fisheries structure and management implications in Sundarbans mangrove reserve forest, Bangladesh. Indian J. Fish., 50(2): 243-249.
       
      Erik Kristensen and Pinsak Suraswadi. 2002. Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics in creek water of a southeast Asian mangrove forest. Hydrobiologia, 474: 197 - 211.
       
      Erik Kristensen and Randi Pilgaard , 2001. The Role of Fecal Pellet Deposition by Leaf - Eating Sesarmid Crabs on Litter Decomposition in a Mangrove Sediment (Phuket, Thailand). In : Aller, J.Y., S.A. Woodin and R.C. Aller (eds.): Organism - Sediment Interactions, 369 - 384.
       
      Erik Kristensen, Frede O. Andersen, Nikolaj Holmboe, Marianne Holmer and Nalinee Thongtham, 2000. Carbon and nitrogen mineralization in sediments of the Bangrong mangrove area, Phuket, Thailand. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 22: 199 - 213.
       
      Farid Dahdhouh-Guebas and Nico Koedam, 2006. Coastal vegetation and Asian tsunami. Science, 311: 37pp.
       
      Felicity Arengo and Guy A. Baldassarre, 2002. Patch choice and foragine Behavior of nonbreeding American Flamingos in Yucatan, Mexico. The Condor, 104: 452 - 457.
       
      Fratini, S., S. Cannicci and M. Vannini, 2000. Competition and interaction between Neosarmatium smithi (Crustacea: Grapsidae) and Terebralia palustris (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in a Kenyan mangrove. Marine Biology, 137: 309 - 316.
       
      Fudy Z. Drexler, 2001. Maximum Longevities of Rhizophora apiculata and R. mucronata Propagules. Pacific Science, 55(1): 17 - 22.
       
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      Gerd Liebezeit and Monica T. Rau, 2001. Pyrolysis of Recent Marine sediments, III. Changes in Mangrove Composition from Leaf to Sediment, senckenbergiana maritima, 31(1): 41 - 47.
       
      Ghatak, H., S.K. Mukhopadhyay, T.K. Jana, B.K. Sen and S. Sen, 2004. Interactions of Cu (II) and Fe (III) with mangal humic substances studied by synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy and potentiometric titration. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 12: 145 - 155.
       
      Ghoshal Chaudhuri, S., R. Dinesh, R. Raja, Shashi Kumar and N. Ravisankar, 2005. Physico-chemical, biochemical and microbial characteristics of soils of mangroves of South Andaman: Impacts of Anthropogenic disturbances. The Indian Forester, 131(5): 660 - 666.
       
      Ghoshal, S., S.K. Gupta and B. Mukherjee, 2006. Life cycle of Tetranychus neocaledonicus Andre on Rhizophora mucronata Lamk, under laboratory condition at controlled temperature. Rec. zool. Surv. India, 106(Part-2): 61-65.
       
      Gimin, R., R. Mohan, L.V. Thinh and A.D. Griffiths, 2004. The relationship of shell dimensions and shell volume to live weight and soft tissue weight in the mangrove clam, Polymesoda erosa (Solander, 1786) from northern Australia. Naga, WorldFish Centre Quarterly, 27(3&4): 32-35.
       
      Giuseppe C. Zuccarello, Paul H. Yeates and Jeff T. Wright, 2001. Population structure and Physiological Differentiation of Haplotypes of Caloglossa Leprieurii (Rhodophyta) in a Mangrove Intertidal zone. Journal Phycol, 37: 235 - 244.
       
      Godhantaraman, N., 2001. Seasonal variations in taxonomic composition, abundance and food web relationship of microzooplankton in estuarine and mangrove waters, Parangipettai region, southeast coast of India. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 30: 151-160.
       
      Govindasamy Agoramoorthy and Minna J. Hsu, 2005. Borneo's proboscis monkey - a study of its diet of mineral and phytochemical concentrations. Current Science, 89(3): 454-457.
       
      Gregory S. Gillbert and Wayne P0. Sousa, 2002. Host Specialization among Wood - Decay Polypore Fungi in a Caribbean Mangrove Forest. Biotropica, 34(3): 396 - 404.
       
      Gueiros, B.B., W. Machado, S.D. Lisboa Filho and L.D. Lacerda, 2003. Manganese Behavior at the Sediment - Water Interface in a Mangrove Dominated Area in Sepetiba Bay, SE Brazil. Journal of Coastal Research, 19(3): 550 - 559.
       
      Gullaya Wattayakorn , Tenshi Ayukai and Pramot Sojisuporn, 2000. Material Transport and Biogeochemical Processes in Sawi Bay, Southern Thailand. Phuket marine biological Center Special Publication.22: 63 - 77.
       
      Gupta, S.K., S. Ghoshal, A. Choudhury and B. Mukherjee, 2004. Phytophagous and predatory mite fauna of Sundarbans biosphere reserve : II. Some predatory mites occurring on mangrove vegetation and agri-horticultural crops. Rec. zool. Surv. India, 103 (Part 3-4): 33 - 45.
       
      Gupta, S.K., Sanjib Ghoshal and A. Choudhury, 2003. Phytophagous and predatory mite fauna of Sundarban Biosphere Reserve: I. Some phytophagous mites occurring on mangrove vegetation and agrihorticultural crops. Rec. zool. Surv. India, 101 (Part 3-4): 69 - 79.
       
      Harmen Verbeek and Cees Storm, 2001. Tidal Wetland Restoration in The Netherlands. Journal of Coastal Research, 27: 192 - 202.
       
      Harris, R.R., and M.C.F. Santos, 2000. Heavy metal contamination and physiological variability in the Brazilian mangrove crabs Ucides cordatus and Callinectes danae (Crustacea: Decapoda). Marine Biology, 137: 691 - 703.
       
      Hartnoll, R.G., S. Cannicci, W.D. Emmerson, S. Fratini, A. Macia, Y. Mgaya, F. Porri, R.K. Ruwa, J.P. Shunula, M.W. Skov and M. Vannini, 2002. Geographic trends in mangrove crab abundance in East Africa. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 10: 203 - 213.
       
      Hazra, A.K., M.K. Dey and G.P. Mandal, 2005. Diversity and distribution of Arthropod fauna in relation to mangrove vegetation on a newly emerged island on the river Hooghly, West Bengal. Rec. zool. Surv. India, 104 (Part 3-4): 99 - 102.
       
      Hema Joshi M. Ghose, 2003. Forest structure and species distribution along soil salinity and pH gradient in mangrove swamps of the Sundarbans. Tropical Ecology, 44(2): 195 - 204.
       
      Hemant V. Karkhanis and R.P. Athalye, 2002. Occurrence of scale insect Icerya spp. on mangroves of Thane creek and Ulhas river estuary, Maharashtra, India. In: Goldin Quadros (ed.), Proceedings of the National Seminar on Creeks, Estuaries and Mangroves, Pollution and Conservation. Zoology Department, Thane, 290-292.
       
      Hitesh A. Solanki, 2007. Some specific aspects of leaf physiology of the unique inland mangrove Avicennia officinalis L. vegetation of Kachchh dist., India. The ICFAI Journal of Life Sciences, 1(1): 30-39.
       
      Holmboe , N and E. Kristensen, 2002. Ammonium adsorption in sediments of a tropical mangrove forest (Thailand) and a temperate Wadden Sea area (Denmark). Wetlands Ecology and Management, 10: 453 - 460.
       
      Holmboe, N., E. Kristensen and F.O. Andersen, 2001. Anoxic Decomposition in Sediments from a Tropical Mangrove Forest and the Temperate Waddem Sea: Implications of N and P Addition Experiments. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 53, 125 - 140.
       
      Holmer, M., F.O. Andersen, N.Holmboe, E. Kristensen and N. Thongtham, 2001. Spatial and temporal variability in benthic processes along a mangrove - seagrass transect near Bangrong Mangrove, Thailand. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 9: 141 - 158.
       
      Hoq, M. E., S. U. Ahmed, M. L. Islam, M. R. Kawser, M. N. Islam and M. A. Wahab, 2001. Water and Soil Profile of Mangrove and Non - Mangrove Habitats in Relation to Shrimp Farming on the Sundarbans, South - West Bangladesh. Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics16 (4): 413 - 428.
       
      Hridayanandhi Hajong, 2006. Studies on anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-pyretic activities of a mangrove species - Rhizophora mucronata Poir. TNSCST Student Projects Scheme Proceedings-2006, 65-67.
       
      Hsing-Juh Lin, Kwang-Tsao Shao, Wen-Liang Chiou, Can-Jen W. Maa, Hwey-Lian Hsieh, Wen-Lung Wu, Lucia L. Severinghaus and Yu-Tzu Wang, 2003. Biotic communities of freshwater marshes and mangroves in relation to saltwater incursions: implications for wetland regulation. Biodiversity and conservation , 12: 647-665.
       
      Hugo N. Rodriguez and Ashish J. Mehta, 2001. Modeling Muddy Coast Response to Waves. Journal of Coastal Research, 27: 137 - 148.
       
      Ian P. King, 2001. Modeling of Marshes and Wetlands. Journal of Coastal Research, 27: 76 - 87.
       
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